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The Informational Capacity of Financial Performance Indicators in European Annual Reports

The Informational Capacity of Financial Performance Indicators in European Annual Reports

Autori Francesco Dainelli, Laura Bini
Editore Maggioli Editore
Formato Cartaceo
Dimensione 17x24
Pagine 114
Pubblicazione Aprile 2011 (1 Edizione)
ISBN / EAN 8838766150 / 9788838766152
Collana Università

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Corporate valuations are strongly based on financial indicators, which portray different aspects of the global firm equilibrium. European Directive No. 51/2003 specifically requires their publication in the Annual Report.This work analyzes Financial Performance Indicator (FPI) disclosures in the narrative section of annual reports in Europe. We analyze a sample of 237-companies of four countries - Italy, Germany, the Netherlands and the UK - in order to help the standardization process of European Union and provide useful disclosure benchmarks to firms. Manual analysis is employed to examine the 2008's annual reports.In the light of decision usefulness framework, the informational capacity of performance indicators consists of two dimensions:
- How much information is provided (quantity). Indicators are also distinguished into six classes: Cash Flow ratio. Debt ratio. Growth ratio. Liquidity ratio. Market ratio. Profitability ratio.
- How this information is provided (quality).
Qualitative aspects of FPI disclosure are measured
with reference to qualitative characteristics defined by the Framework of the IASB.
The results highlight the stereotype of European FPI communication: a firm, wherever it operates, publishes five-six indicators, regardless of its size and industry. EBITDA, EBIT, DPS, and ROCE are almost always published and they are measures the market considers relevant. The same firm, when choosing to publish an indicator, tends to respect the minimum quality standards wanted by the financial community and the comparability is the most careful aspect. If that firm is located in the UK, the quality threshold is higher.Looking at the differences over the four countries, there is certain homogeneity in the quantity of FPI communication and this fact might be a first result of the Directive 51/2003. Furthermore, a negative relation between the quantity and the quality of FPI disclosure is found. This might mean that two strategies of communication exist:
(1) publishing an elevated number of indicators, at the expense of their quality.
(2) publishing few indicators, and paying more attention to their quality. These findings call for further research on the determinants of FPI disclosure.
Funding for this project has been granted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland.
Francesco DainelliLecturer in Financial Accounting at the University of Florence is the responsible for this research project.
Laura BiniPhD in Financial Accounting and Researcher fellowship at the University of Florence.

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