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Planning for Accessibility and Safety - eBook in pdf

Planning for Accessibility and Safety - eBook in pdf

Autori Silvia Rossetti
Editore Maggioli Editore
Formato Ebook
Pagine 206
Pubblicazione Settembre 2020 (I Edizione)
ISBN / EAN 8891643117 / 9788891643117
Collana Politecnica

Theoretical framework and research methodologies to address people friendly mobility

Prezzo Online:

13,00 €

12,35 €

Disponibilità: Disponibile

Prezzo Online:

13,00 €

12,35 €

Disponibilità: Disponibile

The volume stems from the evidence that today’s cities highly depend on mobility and deals with the inextricable link between urban and transport planning, focusing on Accessibility and Road Safety.

Accessibility planning is mainly conceived as a solution to better integrate land uses with the transport system, satisfying people's expectations to easily reach the opportunities they wish to engage in. Road Safety, that represent a significant public health and economic problem, is also highly influenced by the urban form, and should be addressed using a system-wide planning approach.

Accessibility and safety are deeply intertwined and complementary issues: accessibility should incorporate safety, to ensure that destinations are safely accessible by the users.

On the other hand, accessibility enhancing strategies can contribute to limiting the exposure to road accidents risk by providing alternatives to car use to reach the desired activities. 

Therefore, having in mind that when talking about accessibility and safety in mobility there are three factors that interact with each other (road users, vehicles, and the urban environment), the volume presents three possible techniques to better address accessibility and safety in our cities: opinion surveys, GIS-based accessibility maps and in-field inspections.

Silvia Rossetti 
Engineer and PhD, she is currently Assistant Professor in Urban Planning at the Department of Engineering and Architecture (DIA) of the University of Parma, where she lectures ‘Urban and Sustainable Planning’ and ‘City, Landscape and Regional Analyses’. Her research interests include Geographic Information Systems, Analysis of urban systems, Integration between urban planning and mobility, Accessibility and Road Safety.
Foreword by Michela Tiboni
Civil Engineer, Full Professor of Town and Regional Planning at the DICATAM Department of the University of Brescia, PhD in Town planning technique at the Polytechnic of Milan. Her main fields of research include Land-use dynamics and environmental hazards, Evaluation of plan previews for a safe and sustainable town, Urban policies and techniques towards a safer town. Since 2013 she is urban planning councillor of the City of Brescia.

FOREWORD 
1 INTRODUCTION  
1.1 WHY IS THE TOPIC OF MOBILITY NOWADAYS SO CRUCIAL? 
Passenger mobility, negative externalities and European objectives 
Urban Mobility 
1.2 MOBILITY, SUSTAINABILITY AND SAFETY  
1.3 URBAN PLANNING AND SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY  
2 URBAN PLANNING AND MOBILITY: AN OVERVIEW  
2.1 THE INEXTRICABLE LINK BETWEEN URBAN AND MOBILITY PLANNING 
Planning and designing cities for cars: historical milestones 
Land Use, Mobility and Automobile Dependency  
How to counteract automobile dependency? 
2.2 MOBILITY AND THE “FRIENDLY CITY”  
Organic Urban Planning as a mean towards a friendlier mobility  
Mobility within the framework of the “friendly city” 
2.3 SOME REMARKS  
3 PLANNING FOR ACCESSIBILITY AND SAFETY: SOME KEY CONCEPTS  
3.1 PLANNING FOR ACCESSIBILITY AND SAFETY 
3.2 FROM MOBILITY PLANNING TOWARDS ACCESSIBILITY PLANNING  
Planning for mobility vs. planning for accessibility 
Accessibility in the Friendly City  
How to measure accessibility  
Matching accessibility with urban planning principles 
3.3 ROAD SAFETY: THE OTHER SIDE OF SUSTAINABILITY 
The issue of Road Safety  
Road Safety Policies and Strategies 
Road accidents analysis and preventive techniques 
Road Safety Management 
Road Safety in the Friendly City  
4 BEST PRACTICES OF PEOPLE FRIENDLY MOBILITY: LESSONS FROM AMSTERDAM AND FREIBURG 
4.1 CASE STUDIES OF PEOPLE (AND ENVIRONMENT) FRIENDLY MOBILITY 
4.2 ASSESSING ACCESSIBILITY IN THE CITY OF AMSTERDAM  
Land-use and Transport policies implemented in Amsterdam 
The car-free neighbourhood of GWL Terrein  
Mapping Accessibility in Amsterdam  
Gröningen, another interesting Dutch example  
4.3 AN EMBLEMATIC EXAMPLE: THE CITY OF FREIBURG  
Mobility in Freiburg 
Rieselfeld and Vauban: recent urban developments in Freiburg  
5 HOW DO ROAD USERS PERCEIVE SAFETY AND MOBILITY? THE ROLE OF OPINION SURVEYS  
5.1 OPINION SURVEYS AS COMPLEMENTARY APPROACHES TO ROAD ACCIDENTS DATA ANALYSIS  
5.2 APPLYING OPINION SURVEYS TO INVESTIGATE ROAD USERS' PERCEPTIONS  
SOL Assessment Public Knowledge and Opinion Survey 
Risk perception of public transport users: students  
Risk perception of professional drivers 
The role of technicians (ROSEE STA Questionnaire)  
5.3 OPINION SURVEYS APPLIED TO ROAD SAFETY ANALYSIS: SOME RECOMMENDATIONS 
6 METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES FOR GIS-BASED ACCESSIBILITY ASSESSMENTS 
6.1 INTRODUCTION 
Using GIS to assess the relationship between collective transport and accessibility to land uses 
Space-time accessibility assessment  
6.2 LAND USE AND SUBURBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT: A GIS-BASED METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH 
How to the detect the less appropriate bus stops locations 
6.3 ANALYSING SPACE-TIME ACCESSIBILITY OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT  
The case study of Brescia: some relevant features of the traffic schemes in Brescia 
Methodological Approach 
Collective and non-motorised transport accessibility 
Access time to public transport 
Interactions of public transport accessibility with the services 
6.4 SOME REMARKS 
7 ROAD SAFETY INSPECTIONS: IMPLEMENTING A METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH FOR PUBLIC ROAD TRANSPORT  
7.1 DATA ANALYSIS AND INSPECTIONS FOR ROAD SAFETY 
7.2 ROAD SAFETY AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT  
7.3 ROAD ACCIDENTS DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: THE CASE OF THE PROVINCE OF BRESCIA 
7.4 ROAD SAFETY AT BUS STOPS 
7.5 AN INSPECTION METHODOLOGY FOR BUS STOPS  
7.6 A METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH FOR THE ROAD SAFETY ASSESSMENT OF BUS STOPS 
Road Safety Index  
Security Index  
Comfort Index  
Accessibility Index  
Coherence of bus stop features with the road function  
Application and validation of the proposed methodological approach  
7.7 SOME REMARKS 
8 CONCLUSIVE REMARKS  
8.1 A BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE PRESENTED WORK  
An assessment of the research methodologies  
8.2 FINAL RECOMMENDATIONS AND REMARKS  
8.3 POSSIBLE RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS  
Looking ahead at Horizon Europe to develop research in the fields of Accessibility and Road Safety 
REFERENCES 
INDEX OF FIGURES  
INDEX OF TABLES 


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